• Anabaena cylindrica
References [ 36 ]
Beiderbeck H, Taraz K, Budzikiewicz H & Walsby AE (2000) Anachelin, the siderophore of the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica CCAP 1403/2A. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C 55: 681-687.
DOI: none
Khamees HS, Gallon JR & Chaplin AE (1987) The pattern of acetylene reduction by cyanobacteria grown under alternating light and darkness. European Journal of Phycology 22: 55-60.
DOI: none
Smith JK, Parry JD, Day JG & Smith RJ (1998) A PCR technique based on HIP1 interspersed repetitive sequence distinguishes cyanobacterial species and strains. Microbiology 144: 2791-2801.
Day JG (1998) Cryo-conservation of microalgae and cyanobacteria. CryoLetters S1: 7-14.
DOI: none
Stulp BK, Bos SA, Stenveld H & Stam WT (1984) Growth of Anabaena strains (Cyanophyceae) exposed to crossed gradients of light and temperature. Cryptogamie Algologie 5: 63-71.
DOI: none
Roussard-Jacquemin M (1983) Etude ultrastructurale de la différenciation des hétérocystes chez la cyanobacterie Anabaena cylindrica Lemm. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 29(11): 1564-1575.
DOI: none
de Vasconcenlos L & Fay P (1974) Nitrogen metabolism and ultrastructure in Anabaena cylindrica. I. The effect of nitrogen starvation. Archiv für Microbiologie 96: 271-279.
Wildon DC & Mercer FV (1963) The ultrastructure of the heterocyst and akinete of the blue-green algae. Archiv für Microbiologie 47: 19-31.
DOI: none
Wilcox M (1970) One-dimensional pattern found in blue-green algae. Nature 228: 686-687.
Stulp BK & Stam WT (1984) Genotypic relationships between strains of Anabaena (Cyanophyceae) and their correlation with morphological affinities. British Phycological Journal 19(3): 287-301.
Stulp BK & Stam WT (1984) Growth and morphology of Anabaena strains (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria) in cultures under different salinities. British Phycological Journal 19(3): 281-286.
Wolfe M (1954) The effect of molybdenum upon the nitrogen metabolism of Anabaena cylindrica I. A study of the molybdenum requirement for nitrogen fixation and for nitrate and ammonia assimilation. Annals of Botany 18(71): 299-308.
DOI: none
Weldon DC & Mercer FV (1963) The ultrastructure of the vegetative cell of blue-green algae. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 16: 585-596.
DOI: none
Gallon JR (1978) Calcium and nitrogen fixation by Gloeocapsa. Ecological Bulletins 26: 60-68.
DOI: none
Maberly SC (1983) The interdependence of photon irradiance and free carbon dioxide or bicarbonate concentration on the photosynthetic compensation points of freshwater plants. New Phytologist 93: 1-12.
DOI: none
Jaffe LF & Walsby AE (1985) An investigation of extracellular electrical currents around cyanobacterial filaments. Biological Bulletin 168: 476-481.
DOI: none
Johansson C & Bergman B (1994) Reconstitution of the symbiosis of Gunnera manicata Linden: Cyanobacterial specificity. New Phytologist 126: 643-652.
DOI: none
Maberly SC & Spence DHN (1983) Photosynthetic inorganic carbon use by freshwater plants. Journal of Ecology 71: 705-724.
DOI: none
Stewart WDP, Rowell P, Kerby NW, Reed RH, Machray GC, Cannon FC & Becking J (1987) N2-fixing cyanobacteria and their potential applications [and discussion]. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B 317: 245-258.
DOI: none
Wright SJL, Redhead K & Maudsley H (1981) Acanthamoeba castellanii, a predator of cyanobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 125: 293-300.
Renström-Kellner E & Bergman B (1990) Glycolate metabolism in cyanobacteria. IV. Uptake, growth and metabolic pathways. Physiologia Plantarum 78: 285-292.
Lyra C, Suomalainen S, Gugger M, Vezie C, Sundman P, Paulin L & Sivonen K (2001) Molecular characterization of planktic cyanobacteria of Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Microcystis and Planktothrix genera. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51: 513-526.
DOI: none
Roberts RJ (1985) Restriction and modification enzymes and their recognition sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 13, Supplement: -.
DOI: none
Juttner F (1983) 14C-labeled metabolites in heterocysts and vegetative cells of Anabaena cylindrica filaments and their presumptive function as transport vehicles of organic carbon and nitrogen. Journal of Bacteriology 155: 628-633.
DOI: none
Faassen EJ, Gillissen F & Lürling M (2012) A comparative study on three analytical methods for the determination of the neurotoxin BMAA in cyanobacteria. PLoS ONE 7: e36667.
Sherwood AR, Carlile AL, Vaccarino MA & Johansen JR (2015) Characterization of Hawaiian freshwater and terrestrial cyanobacteria reveals high diversity and numerous putative endemics. Phycological Research 63: 85-92.
Rippka R, Deruelles J, Waterbury JB, Herdman M & Stanier RY (1979) Generic assignments, strain histories and properties of pure cultures of cyanobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 111: 1-61.
Tözüm SRD & Gallon JR (1979) The effects of methyl viologen on Gloeocapsa sp. LB795 and their relationship to the inhibition of acetylene reduction (nitrogen fixation) by oxygen. Journal of General Microbiology 111: 313-326.
Cossar JD, Darling AJ, IpSM, Rowell P & Stewart WDP (1985) Immunocytochemical localization of thiorexodoxins in the cyanobacteria Anabaena cylindrica and Anabaena variabilis. Journal of General Microbiology 131: 3029-3035.
Iteman I, Rippka R, Tandeau de Marsac N & Herdman M (2002) rDNA analyses of planktonic heterocystous cyanobacteria, including members of the genera Anabaenopsis and Cyanospira. Microbiology 148: 481-496.
Rawson DM (1985) The effects of exogenous amino acids on growth and nitrogenase activity in the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica PCC 7122. Journal of General Microbiology 131: 2549-2554.
Chen X, Schreiber K, Appel J, Makowka A, Fähnrich B, Roettger M, Hajirezaei MR, Sönnichsen FD, Schönheit P, Martin WF & Gutekunst K (2016) The Entner-Doudoroff pathway is an overlooked glycolytic route in cyanobacteria and plants. PNAS 113: 5441-5446.
Mucci M, Pessoa Noyma N, de Magalhaes L, Miranda M, van Oosterhout F, Alves Guedes I, Huszar VLM, Manzi Marinho M & Lürling M (2017) Chitosan as coagulant on cyanobacteria in lake restoration management may cause rapid cell lysis. Water Research 118: 121-130.
Xue Y, Zhao P, Quan C, Zhao Z, Gao W, Li J, Zu X, Fu D, Feng S, Bai X, Zuo Y & Li P (2018) Cyanobacteria-derived peptide antibiotics discovered since 2000 Peptides 107: 17-24.
Le Page G, Gunnarsson L, Trznadel M, Wedgewood KCA, Baudrot V, Snape J & Tyler CR (2019) Variability in cyanobacteria sensitivity to antibiotics and implications for environmental risk assessment Science of the Total Environment 695: 133804.
Alvarez AL, Weyers SL, Johnson JMF & Gardner RD (2021) Soil inoculations with Anabaena cylindrica improve aggregate stability and nutrient dynamics in an arable soil and exhibit potential for erosion control. Journal of Applied Phycology -: -.
Sequences [ 2 ]
EMBL/Genbank Links
(Bold text = submission by CCAP staff or collaborators)
Division/Phylum: Cyanophyta Class: Cyanophyceae Order: Nostocales

Note: for strains where we have DNA barcodes we can be reasonably confident of identity, however for those not yet sequenced we rely on morphology and the original identification, usually made by the depositor. Although CCAP makes every effort to ensure the correct taxonomic identity of strains, we cannot guarantee that a strain is correctly identified at the species, genus or class levels. On this basis users are responsible for confirming the identity of the strain(s) they receive from us on arrival before starting experiments.
For strain taxonomy we generally use AlgaeBase for algae and Adl et al. (2019) for protists.

Culture media, purity and growth conditions:
Medium: BG110; Bacteria and other organisms present; maintained by serial subculture and cryopreserved;
AuthorityLemmermann 1896
IsolatorChu (1939)
Collection Sitepond Surrey, England, UK
Notes filament with differentiated cells (akinete/heterocyst); LC-MS analysis by RGU in 2021 for cylindrospermopsins, microcystins and anatoxins: None Detected.
Axenicity Status Bacteria and other organisms present
Area Europe
Country UK
Environment Freshwater
Group Cyanobacteria
Pathogen Not pathogenic: Hazard Class 1
Strain Maintenance Sheet SM_FreshwaterCyanobacteria.pdf
Toxin Producer Not Toxic / No Data
Type Culture No
Taxonomy WoRMS ID 177649
Equivalent Strains(?)UTEX 1611,PCC 7122,SAG 1403-2

CCAP 1403/2A

Anabaena cylindrica