References [ 19 ]
Jensen BB & Cox RP (1983) Direct measurements of steady-state kinetics of cyanobacterial N2 uptake by membrane-leak mass spectrometry and comparisons between nitrogen fixation and acetylene reduction. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 45(4): 1331-1337.
DOI: none
Gachon CMM, Day JG, Campbell CN, Pröschold T, Saxon RJ & Küpper FC (2007) The Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP): A biological resource for protistan genomics Gene 406: 51-57.
Smith JK, Parry JD, Day JG & Smith RJ (1998) A PCR technique based on HIP1 interspersed repetitive sequence distinguishes cyanobacterial species and strains. Microbiology 144: 2791-2801.
Stulp BK, Bos SA, Stenveld H & Stam WT (1984) Growth of Anabaena strains (Cyanophyceae) exposed to crossed gradients of light and temperature. Cryptogamie Algologie 5: 63-71.
DOI: none
Wang AW & Tischer RG (1974) Preservation of the sheath of a blue-green alga, Anabaena flos-aquae A-37. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 20(10): 1415-1416.
Stulp BK & Stam WT (1984) Genotypic relationships between strains of Anabaena (Cyanophyceae) and their correlation with morphological affinities. British Phycological Journal 19(3): 287-301.
Stulp BK & Stam WT (1984) Growth and morphology of Anabaena strains (Cyanophyceae, Cyanobacteria) in cultures under different salinities. British Phycological Journal 19(3): 281-286.
Hashemi F, Leppard GG & Kushner DJ (1994) Copper resistance in Anabaena variabilis: Effects of phosphate nutrition and polyphosphate bodies. Microbial Ecology 27: 159-176.
DOI: none
Wright SJL, Redhead K & Maudsley H (1981) Acanthamoeba castellanii, a predator of cyanobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 125: 293-300.
Jensen BB (1983) Energy requirement for diazotrophic growth of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis determined from growth yields in the dark. Journal of General Microbiology 129: 2633-2640.
Kolar B, Arnus L, Jeretin B, Gutmaher A, Drobne D & Durjava MK (2014) The toxic effect of oxytetracycline and trimethoprim in the aquatic environment. Chemosphere 115: 75-80.
Bharathiraja B, Chakravarthy M, Ranjith Kumar R, Yogendran D, Yuvaraj D, Jayamuthunagai J, Praveen Kumar R & Palani S (2015) Aquatic biomass (algae) as a future feed stock for bio-refineries: A review on cultivation, processing and products. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 47: 634-653.
Tsygankov AS, Serebryakova LT, Sveshnikov DA, Rao KK, Gogotov IN & Hall DO (1997) Hydrogen photoproduction by three different nitrogenases in whole cells of Anabaena variabilis and the dependence on pH. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 22: 859-867.
Yoon JH, Shin JH, Kim MS, Sim SJ & Park TH (2006) Evaluation of conversion efficiency of light to hydrogen energy by Anabaena variabilis. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 31: 721-727.
Zehr JP, Mellon MT & Hiorns WD (1997) Phylogeny of cyanobacterial nifH genes: evolutionary implications and potential applications to natural assemblages. Microbiology 143: 1443-1450.
Guo J, Selby K & Boxall A (2016) Comparing the sensitivity of chlorophytes, cyanobacteria and diatoms to major-use antibiotics. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 35: 2587-2596.
Chen X, Schreiber K, Appel J, Makowka A, Fähnrich B, Roettger M, Hajirezaei MR, Sönnichsen FD, Schönheit P, Martin WF & Gutekunst K (2016) The Entner-Doudoroff pathway is an overlooked glycolytic route in cyanobacteria and plants. PNAS 113: 5441-5446.
Le Page G, Gunnarsson L, Trznadel M, Wedgewood KCA, Baudrot V, Snape J & Tyler CR (2019) Variability in cyanobacteria sensitivity to antibiotics and implications for environmental risk assessment Science of the Total Environment 695: 133804.
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Sequences [ 1 ]
EMBL/Genbank Links
(Bold text = submission by CCAP staff or collaborators)
Division/Phylum: Cyanophyta Class: Cyanophyceae Order: Nostocales

Note: for strains where we have DNA barcodes we can be reasonably confident of identity, however for those not yet sequenced we rely on morphology and the original identification, usually made by the depositor. Although CCAP makes every effort to ensure the correct taxonomic identity of strains, we cannot guarantee that a strain is correctly identified at the species, genus or class levels. On this basis users are responsible for confirming the identity of the strain(s) they receive from us on arrival before starting experiments.
For strain taxonomy we generally use AlgaeBase for algae and Adl et al. (2019) for protists.

Culture media, purity and growth conditions:
Medium: BG110; Bacteria, fungi and other organisms present; maintained by serial subculture and cryopreserved;
IsolatorTischer (1964)
Collection Sitesewage oxidation pond Mississippi, USA
Notes filament with differentiated cells (akinete/heterocyst); non-planktonic; non-vacuolate; LC-MS analysis by RGU in 2021 for cylindrospermopsins, microcystins and anatoxins: None Detected.
Axenicity Status Bacteria, fungi and other organisms present
Area North America
Country USA
Environment Freshwater
Group Cyanobacteria
Original Designation IU 1444
Pathogen Not pathogenic: Hazard Class 1
Strain Maintenance Sheet SM_FreshwaterCyanobacteria.pdf
Toxin Producer Not Toxic / No Data
Type Culture No
Taxonomy WoRMS ID 146585
Equivalent StrainsATCC 29413,PCC 7937,UTCC 67,UTEX 1444
Formerly Listed in CCAP asAnabaena flos-aquae (Lyngbye) Brébisson

CCAP 1403/13A

Anabaena sp.