• Euglena gracilis
References [37 ]
Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2003) Behavioural responses of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates to a temperature gradient. European Journal of Phycology 38: 195-203.
Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2004) Dominance and compromise in freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates: the interaction of behavioural preferences for conflicting environmental gradients. Functional Ecology 18: 371-380.
Clegg MR & Maberley SC (2003) The effect of photon irradiance on the behavioural ecology and potential niche separation of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Journal of Phycology 39: 650-662.
Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2003) Chemosensory behavioural response of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 123-135.
Clegg MR, Maberly SC & Jones RI (2007) Behavioural response as a predictor of seasonal depth distribution and vertical niche separation in freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Limnology and Oceanography 52(1): 441-455.
DOI: none
Gachon CMM, Day JG, Campbell CN, Pröschold T, Saxon RJ & Küpper FC (2007) The Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP): A biological resource for protistan genomics Gene 406: 51-57.
Day JG (2004) Cryopreservation: fundamentals, mechanisms of damage on freezing/thawing and application in culture collections Nova Hedwigia 79: 191-205.
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DOI: none
Day JG, Fleck RA & Benson EE (2000) Cryopreservation-recalcitrance in microalgae: Novel approaches to identify and avoid cryo-injury. Journal of Applied Phycology 12: 369-377.
Fleck RA, Benson EE, Bremner DH & Day JG (2000) Studies of free radical-mediated cryoinjury in the unicellular green alga Euglena gracilis using a non-destructive hydroxyl radical assay: A new approach for developing protistan cryopreservation strategies. Free Radical Research 32: 157-170.
Johnstone C, Day JG, Staines H & Benson EE (2006) An in vitro oxidative stress test for determining pollutant tolerance in algae. Ecological Indicators 6: 770-779.
Fleck RA, Pickup RW, Day JG & Benson EE (2006) The use of flow-cytometry and cryomicroscopy to characterise cryopreservation-induced injuries in Euglena gracilis. Cryobiology 52: 261-268.
Freyssinent G, Eichholz RL & Buetow DE (1984) Kinetics of accumulation of Ribulose-1,5-biphosphate Carboxylase during greening in Euglena gracilis Plant Physiology 75(3): 850-857.
Whitehouse JW & Lewis BG (1973) The effect of diet and density on development, size and egg production in Cyclops abyssorum Sars, (Copepoda, Cyclopoida). Crustaceana 25(3): 225-236.
Zahalsky AC, Hutner SH, Keane M & Burger RM (1962) Bleaching Euglena gracilis with antihistamines and streptomycin-type antibiotics. Archiv für Microbiologie 42(1): 46-55.
Kahn JS (1984) Activation of coupling factor 1 from Euglena gracilis chloroplasts: Conditions for optimal activation and their possible physiological significance. Plant Physiology 75(2): 410-413.
Lonergan TA (1984) Regulation of cell shape in Euglena gracilis. Journal of Cell Science 71: 37-50.
DOI: none
Hyams JS (1982) The Euglena paraflagellar rod: Structure, relationship to other flagellar components and preliminary biochemical characterization. Journal of Cell Science 55: 199-210.
DOI: none
Axelsson-Olsson D, Olofsson J, Svensson L, Griekspoor P, Waldenström J, Ellström P & Olsen B (2010) Amoebae and algae can prolong the survival of Campylobacter species in co-culture. Experimental Parasitology 126: 59-64.
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DOI: none
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DOI: none
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DOI: none
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Bianchi VA, Castro JM, Rocchetta I, Nahabedian DE, Conforti V & Luquet CM (2015) Long-term feeding with Euglena gracilis cells modulates immune responses, oxidative balance and metabolic condition in Diplodon chilensis (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Hyriidae) exposed to living Escherichia coli. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 42: 367-378.
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Tossavainen M, Chopra NK, Kostia S, Valkonen K, Sharma AK, Sharma S, Ojala A & Romantschuk M (2018) Conversion of biowaste leachate to valuable biomass and lipids in mixed cultures of Euglena gracilis and chlorophytes Algal Research 35: 76-84.
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Peltomaa ET & Taipale S (2020) Osmotrophic glucose and leucine assimilation and its impact on EPA and DHA content in algae. PeerJ 8: e8363.
Tossavainen M, Ilyass U, Ollilainen V, Valkonen K, Ojala A & Romantschuk M (2019) Influence of long term nitrogen limitation on lipid, protein and pigment production of Euglena gracilis in photoheterotrophic cultures. PeerJ 7: e6624.
Sequences [14 ]
EMBL/Genbank Links
(Bold text = submission by CCAP staff or collaborators)
Genome-Plastid
Division/Phylum: Euglenophyta/Euglenozoa Class: Euglenophyceae Order: Euglenales

Note: for strains where we have DNA barcodes we can be reasonably confident of identity, however for those not yet sequenced we rely on morphology and the original identification, usually made by the depositor. Although CCAP makes every effort to ensure the correct taxonomic identity of strains, we cannot guarantee that a strain is correctly identified at the species, genus or class levels. On this basis users are responsible for confirming the identity of the strain(s) they receive from us on arrival before starting experiments.
For strain taxonomy we generally use AlgaeBase for algae and Adl et al. (2019) for protists.

Culture media, purity and growth conditions:
Medium:EG:JM; Axenic; maintained by serial subculture and cryopreserved;
Attributes
AuthorityKlebs 1883
IsolatorPringsheim (1950)
Notes "Z" strain; widely used for bioassay of vitamin B12; This strain is available as part of our School Kit.
Environment Freshwater
Pathogen Not pathogenic: Hazard Class 1
Strain Maintenance Sheet
Toxin Producer Not Toxic / No Data
Type Culture No
Taxonomy WoRMS ID 163460
Equivalent StrainsATCC 12894,IAM E-6,SAG 1224-5/25,UTCC 95,UTEX 753

CCAP1224/5Z

Euglena gracilis


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