References [ 43 ]
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Scarano G & Morelli E (2002) Characterisation of cadmium- and lead-phytochelatin complexes formed in a marine microalga in response to metal exposure. Biometals 15: 145-151.
Morelli E, Mascherpa MC & Scarano G (2005) Biosynthesis of phytochelatins and arsenic accumulation in the marine microalgae Phaeodactylum tricornutum in response to arsenate exposure. Biometals 18(6): 587-593.
Taylor RL, Caldwell GS, Dunstan HJ & Bentley MG (2007) Short-term impacts of polyunsaturated aldehyde-producing diatoms on the harpacticoid copepod, Tisbe holothuriae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 341: 60-69.
Morelli E & Scarano G (2001) Synthesis and stability of phytochelatins induced by cadmium and lead in the marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Marine Environmental Research 52: 383-395.
Morelli E, Cruz BH, Somovigo S & Scarano G (2002) Speciation of cadmium-glutamyl peptides complexes in cells of the marine microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Plant Science 163: 807-813.
Morelli E & Scarano G (2004) Copper-induced changes of non-protein thiols and antioxidant enzymes in the marine microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Plant Science 167: 289-296.
Scarano G & Morelli E (2003) Properties of phytochelatin-coated CdS nanochrystallites formed in a marine phytoplanktonic alga (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Bohlin) in response to Cd. Plant Science 165: 803-810.
Burkhardt E, Amoroso G, Riebesell U & Sültemeyer D (2001) CO2 and HCO3- uptake in marine diatoms acclimated to different CO2 concentrations. Limnology and Oceanography 46(6): 1378-1391.
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Morelli E & Fantozzi L (2008) Phytochelatins in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bohlin): An evaluation of their use as biomarkers of metal exposure in marine waters. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 81(3): 236-241.
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Day JG, Benson EE & Fleck RA (1999) In Vitro Culture and Conservation Of Microalgae: Applications For Environmental Research, Aquaculture & Biotechnology. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant 35: 127-136.
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De Martino A, Meichenin A, Shi J, Pan K & Bowler C (2007) Genetic and phenotypic characterization of Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae) accessions. Journal of Phycology 43: 992-1009.
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Moniz MBJ & Kaczmarska I (2010) Barcoding of diatoms: Nuclear encoded ITS revisited. Protist 161: 7-34.
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Prestegard SK, Knutsen G & Herfindal L (2014) Adenosine content and growth in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae): Effect of salinity, light, temperature and nitrate. Diatom Research 29: 361-369.
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Stanley MS & Callow JA (2007) Whole cell adhesion strength of morphotypes and isolates of Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 42: 191-197.
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Giovagnetti V & Ruban AV (2017) Detachment of the fucoxanthin chlorophyll a/c binding protein (FCP) antenna is not involved in the acclimative regulation of photoprotection in the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum Bioenergetics 1858: 218-230.
Avilan L, Puppo C, Villain A, Bouveret E, Menand B, Field B & Gontero B (2019) RSH enzyme diversity for (p)ppGpp metabolism in Phaeodactylum tricornutum and other diatoms Scientific Reports 9: 17682.
Sequences [ 3 ]
EMBL/Genbank Links
(Bold text = submission by CCAP staff or collaborators)
Division/Phylum: Heterokontophyta/Ochrophyta Class: Bacillariophyceae Order: Naviculales

Note: for strains where we have DNA barcodes we can be reasonably confident of identity, however for those not yet sequenced we rely on morphology and the original identification, usually made by the depositor. Although CCAP makes every effort to ensure the correct taxonomic identity of strains, we cannot guarantee that a strain is correctly identified at the species, genus or class levels. On this basis users are responsible for confirming the identity of the strain(s) they receive from us on arrival before starting experiments.
For strain taxonomy we generally use AlgaeBase for algae and Adl et al. (2019) for protists.

Culture media, purity and growth conditions:
Medium: f/2 + Si; Bacteria present; maintained by serial subculture and cryopreserved;
AuthorityBohlin 1897
IsolatorAllen (1910)
Collection Site off Plymouth, Devon, England, UK
Climatic Zone Temperate
Notes Pre-CCAP accession known as Nitzschia closterium f. minutissima; Name confirmed March 2013 (ASSEMBLE); Bowler & De Martino Pt2
Axenicity Status Bacteria present
Area Europe
Country UK
Environment Marine
Group Diatom
In Scope of Nagoya Protocol No
ABS Note Collected pre Nagoya Protocol. No known Nagoya Protocol restrictions for this strain.
Collection Date c 1910
Original Designation ON1422, Millport 15
Pathogen Not pathogenic: Hazard Class 1
Special Uses used for ecotoxicity testing
Strain Maintenance Sheet SM_MarineDiatoms15_20.pdf
Toxin Producer Not Toxic / No Data
Type Culture No
Taxonomy WoRMS ID 175584
Equivalent StrainsCCMP2557 (Bowler & De Martino),CSIRO CS-29,Plymouth 100,SAG 1090-1a,UTEX 2090,UTEX 642
Other DesignationsSMBA 15

CCAP 1052/1A

Phaeodactylum tricornutum

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