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     Strain Information: 1224/5Z

Division/Phylum: Euglenophyta/Euglenozoa
Euglena gracilis Klebs (1883)
CCAP 1224/5Z
Isolator: Pringsheim (1950)
Origin: Freshwater;
Culture: Medium EG:JM; Axenic; sub + cryo
Other: SAG 1224-5/25; UTEX 753; IAM E-6; ATCC 12894; UTCC 95; "Z" strain; widely used for bioassay of vitamin B12;

References [27]  EMBL Links
Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2003) Behavioural responses of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates to a temperature gradient. European Journal of Phycology 38: 195-203.
DOI: 10.1080/0967026031000121697

Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2004) Dominance and compromise in freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates: the interaction of behavioural preferences for conflicting environmental gradients. Functional Ecology 18: 371-380.
DOI: 10.1111/j.0269-8463.2004.00834.x

Clegg MR & Maberley SC (2003) The effect of photon irradiance on the behavioural ecology and potential niche separation of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Journal of Phycology 39: 650-662.
DOI: 10.1046/j.1529-8817.2003.02164.x

Clegg MR, Maberley SC & Jones RI (2003) Chemosensory behavioural response of freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 123-135.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2004.01138.x

Clegg MR, Maberly SC & Jones RI (2007) Behavioural response as a predictor of seasonal depth distribution and vertical niche separation in freshwater phytoplanktonic flagellates. Limnology and Oceanography 52(1): 441-455.
DOI: none

Gachon CMM, Day JG, Campbell CN, Pröschold T, Saxon RJ & Küpper FC (2007) The Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa (CCAP): A biological resource for protistan genomics Gene 406: 51-57.
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2007.05.018

Day JG (2004) Cryopreservation: fundamentals, mechanisms of damage on freezing/thawing and application in culture collections Nova Hedwigia 79: 191-205.
DOI: 10.1127/0029-5035/2004/0079-0191

Fleck RA, Benson EE, Bremner DH & Day JG (2003) Studies of antioxidant protection in freeze-tolerant and freeze-sensitive microalgae: Applications in Cryopreservation protocol development. CryoLetters 24: 213-228.
DOI: none

Day JG, Fleck RA & Benson EE (2000) Cryopreservation-recalcitrance in microalgae: Novel approaches to identify and avoid cryo-injury. Journal of Applied Phycology 12: 369-377.
DOI: 10.1023/A:1008107229005

Fleck RA, Benson EE, Bremner DH & Day JG (2000) Studies of free radical-mediated cryoinjury in the unicellular green alga Euglena gracilis using a non-destructive hydroxyl radical assay: A new approach for developing protistan cryopreservation strategies. Free Radical Research 32: 157-170.
DOI: 10.1080/10715760000300161

Johnstone C, Day JG, Staines H & Benson EE (2006) An in vitro oxidative stress test for determining pollutant tolerance in algae. Ecological Indicators 6: 770-779.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.09.002

Fleck RA, Pickup RW, Day JG & Benson EE (2006) The use of flow-cytometry and cryomicroscopy to characterise cryopreservation-induced injuries in Euglena gracilis. Cryobiology 52: 261-268.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cryobiol.2005.12.003

Freyssinent G, Eichholz RL & Buetow DE (1984) Kinetics of accumulation of Ribulose-1,5-biphosphate Carboxylase during greening in Euglena gracilis Plant Physiology 75(3): 850-857.
DOI: 10.1104/pp.75.3.850

Whitehouse JW & Lewis BG (1973) The effect of diet and density on development, size and egg production in Cyclops abyssorum Sars, (Copepoda, Cyclopoida). Crustaceana 25(3): 225-236.
DOI: 10.1163/156854073X00209

Zahalsky AC, Hutner SH, Keane M & Burger RM (1962) Bleaching Euglena gracilis with antihistamines and streptomycin-type antibiotics. Archiv für Microbiologie 42(1): 46-55.
DOI: 10.1007/BF00425189

Kahn JS (1984) Activation of coupling factor 1 from Euglena gracilis chloroplasts: Conditions for optimal activation and their possible physiological significance. Plant Physiology 75(2): 410-413.
DOI: 10.1104/pp.75.2.410

Lonergan TA (1984) Regulation of cell shape in Euglena gracilis. Journal of Cell Science 71: 37-50.
DOI: none

Hyams JS (1982) The Euglena paraflagellar rod: Structure, relationship to other flagellar components and preliminary biochemical characterization. Journal of Cell Science 55: 199-210.
DOI: none

Axelsson-Olsson D, Olofsson J, Svensson L, Griekspoor P, Waldenström J, Ellström P & Olsen B (2010) Amoebae and algae can prolong the survival of Campylobacter species in co-culture. Experimental Parasitology 126: 59-64.
DOI: 10.1016/j.exppara.2009.12.016

Javed Q & Merrett MJ (1986) Properties and immunochemical characterization of NADPH-specific glutamate dehydrogenase from Euglena gracilis. New Phytologist 104: 407-413.
DOI: none

Morris GJ & Canning CE (1978) The Cryopreservation of Euglena gracilis Journal of General Microbiology 108: 27-31.
DOI: none

Suzuki E, Tsuzuki M & Miyachi S (1986) Accumulation of inorganic carbon in the cells of Euglena gracilis Z grown photoautotrophically in ordinary air. Plant & Cell Physiology 27: 1205-1208.
DOI: none

Hashimoto H & Murakami S (1983) Effects of cycloheximide and chloramphenicol on chloroplast replication in synchronously dividing cultured cells of Euglena gracilis New Phytologist 94: 521-529.
DOI: none

Hwang S & Hudock GA (1971) Stability of Chlamydomonas reinhardi in liquid nitrogen storage. Journal of Phycology 7: 300-303.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.1971.tb01521.x

Maberly SC, Courcelle C, Groben R & Gontero B (2010) Phylogenetically-based variation in the regulation of the Calvin cycle enzymes, phophoribulokinase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, in algae. Journal of Experimental Botany 61: 735-745.
DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erp337

Nowack ECM, Podola B & Melkonian M (2005) The 96-well twin-layer system: A novel approach in the cultivation of microalgae. Protist 156: 239-251.
DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2005.04.003

Monfils AK, Triemer RE & Bellairs EF (2011) Characterization of paramylon morphological diversity in photosynthetic euglenoids (Euglenales, Euglenophyta). Phycologia 50: 156-169.
DOI: 10.2216/09-112.1

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